Taste of Food: Different Types of Tastes

Taste of Food: Different Types of Tastes

Our tongue is associated with the taste of food that we eat. Readers, just imagine what would happen if our ear, nose or eyes would take the place of the tongue to taste the food?  Are you confused? Taste is the most important fact that is directly involved with our food habits and choice.

Association of Tongue with Taste of Food

Savor, taste, flavor are similar words. We often say the word “taste” several times. What is this taste? Life becomes tasteless or dull without this taste. Tongue, the organ that is deeply involved with taste. The tongue is always wet with our saliva. In fact, the tongue is a sense that allows you to experience the taste of food. The taste is defined as

  1. Taste is a feeling that our tongue gets with the touch of food.
  2. The tongue also justifies the quality of the taste of any food.[1]

Basically, the tongue is the effective organ of our body to taste the food or to feel the taste of food. What is the feeling of the taste. To have the answer it is mandatory to know the organs first.

Sense Organs of Human Body

We know, humans five different organs (eye, ear, nose, tongue, skin) to feel different kinds of sensation. Another sense beyond these is known as “sixth sense”. The sense that is not felt with these five senses is felt with the sixth sense. I had a curiosity about the feeling and sense from the beginning. What may happen when an idea relevant to food comes to a food lover like me? Imagine the situation with your sixth sense for now.

Taste of Food: Different Types of Tastes
Sense Organs

The capability to feel is known as sense. It is a system with a sensory cell cluster. These cells respond to a specific physical phenomenon and are related to the central nervous system (the place from where the signals are received and translated).[2]

It is also said that sense is the organ or power by which knowledge or perception of external issues are derived and act can be implemented.[3]

We know human have five senses. These are-[4]

  1. Tactioceptor
  2. Audioceptor
  3. Gustaoceptor
  4. Olfacoceptor
  5. Opthalmoceptor

Humans Have More Than 5 Senses

Are there only five senses? Many scholars are not agreed with this concept. They researched more on this topic and declared that human being has fourteen senses. Eye, ear, nose, tongue, skin- these five are sense organs or organs of perception. Speech, hand, leg, sodomy, and uterus-these five are organs of action. Mind, intelligence, pride and soul or intellectual power – these four are inner sense. (Mind is the director of all sense organ)[5]

Tongue: Responsible To Feel Taste

The tongue is one organ of all sense organs for which we can feel the taste. We basically feel five kinds of taste with our tongue such as sweet, salted, sour, bitter and umami( savory taste, the taste of Amino Acid Glutamate, that is present in meat and spicy food). The rest of the tastes are felt in combination with these tastes.

Tongue: Responsible To Feel Taste

There is a controversy that, the taste sense is solely build up with five organs because the separate receivers of taste-bud of tongue receive these five types of taste. But, usually, it is considered as a sense organ. The sent signal is created from the sense organ, sending through the adjacent nerve fiber to the central nervous system is basically created by the chemical reaction of food particles in the receiver of taste-bud.[6]

However, in the Western world, Aristotle first claims that all flavors are made of two basic flavors, sweet and bitter. According to the ancient Indian Ayurvedic medical scriptures, there are 6 types of taste: acidic, sweet, bitter, salty, sour and acerbity.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the psychologists believed in four basic flavors of taste: sweet, sour, salty and bitter. Umami is still not recognized as the fifth taste, but many people now recognize it as the fifth taste.[7]

Different Types of Tastes

Below are different types of tastes we get with the tongue –

Sweet Taste

Sweet Taste is generally regarded as a satisfying sensation. It is produced in the presence of sugar and several other substances. Sweetness is often linked to aldehydes and ketones that connected to carbonyl groups.

Sour Taste

Sour is a taste in which acidity is felt. The taste of an object is measured by subjecting it to the minor hydrochloric acid. In the acid index whose position is no 1.

Salty Taste

The presence of sodium ions initially produces salty tastes. Other molecules of alkali metal have a salt taste, but it is less salty than sodium.

Bitter Taste

Bitterness is the most sensitive taste and many find it unpleasant, annoying or unbearable. Common bitter foods and drinks are coffee, quinine, citrus fruits, jute herbs, beer, etc.

Umami Taste

Umami is an appetizing taste and is referred to as an aromatic or meaty flavor. This taste is available in cheese and soy sauce.[8]


We indeed like to have food depending on how our tongue feels to taste. Doing so, sometimes we deprive ourselves from required nourishment. So to have a healthy life we must pay attention on the nourishment not only on the taste of our tongue.


  1. Bangla Academy Practical Bangla Dictionary, page 1188
  2. https://bigganjatra.org/human-senses-part-one/
  3. Bangla Academy Practical Bangla Dictionary, page 141
  4. https://bigganjatra.org
  5. Bangla Academy Practical Bangla Dictionary, page 141
  6. https://bigganjatra.org
  7. https://bn.wikipedia.org/wiki
  8. https://bn.wikipedia.org

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