Physical Health Issues

List of Physical Health Issues

To improve your chances for good health, you should know different types of physical health issues. Health issues can sometimes be confusing but understanding common health issues and what can be done to avoid them can go a long way towards reducing the stress you feel when it comes to your health.

Coping with the mental and emotional challenges of a health issue requires a realistic but also positive approach. Adapting to your condition or feeling good about the future may seem impossible at first, but it can be accomplished.

So, it is very important to know health issues to increase the chances of having good health.

Different Types of Physical Health Issues

There are many types of physical health issues, from diabetes and AIDS to arthritis and persistent tiredness. While medical science has made great strides in developing effective treatments for the physical effects of these diseases, many victims continue to face an astonishing challenge to their mental and emotional health.

One of the biggest fears is the uncertainty associated with chronic illness. The disease may be sporadic and last only a short time, or it may be permanent and gradually worsen over time.

Chronic illnesses can force many potentially stressful lifestyle changes, such as stopping activities you enjoy, adjusting to new physical limitations and special needs, and paying for expensive medications and treatment services. Let’s get to know about the most common physical health issues.

1. Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.

It’s usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries, known as atherosclerosis and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys, and eyes.[1]

WHO says cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) take the lives of 17.7 million people every year, 31% of all global deaths. Triggering these diseases which manifest primarily as heart attacks and strokes are tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and the harmful use of alcohol. These, in turn, show up in people as raised blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, risks detrimental to good heart health.[2]

But it can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle by avoiding Tobacco use, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet and reducing the salt intake.

2. Stroke

A stroke is called a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or brain attack. It occurs when part of the brain loses its blood supply and stops working. This causes the part of the body that the injured brain controls to stop working, part of the brain cannot get the blood and oxygen it needs. And within minutes, brain cells begin to die.

But the good news is that strokes can be treated and prevented. Adopting a healthy lifestyle is the best way to prevent a stroke. A healthy lifestyle includes Controlling high blood pressure, Controlling diabetes, avoiding alcohol and tobacco use, and eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.

3. Cancer

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body. Anything that may cause a normal body cell to develop abnormally potentially can cause cancer; general categories of cancer-related or causative agents are as follows: chemical or toxic compound exposures, ionizing radiation, some pathogens, and human genetics.

Cancer symptoms and signs depend on the specific type and grade of cancer; although general signs and symptoms are not very specific the following can be found in patients with different cancers: fatigue, weight loss, pain, skin changes, change in bowel or bladder function, unusual bleeding, persistent cough or voice change, fever, lumps, or tissue masses.[3]

There is no good evidence that can cure any cancers but the doctor suggests that a balanced diet and good nutrition can help an individual’s combat cancer. Maintaining a healthy diet and weight and be physically active, protecting skin from the sun, and doing regular medical checkups and taking medicines can prevent cancer from developing.

4. Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

The symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, but they may also appear suddenly. Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.[4]

When the joint symptoms of osteoarthritis are mild or moderate, they can be managed by balancing activity with rest, avoiding excessive repetitive movements, using hot and cold therapies, strengthening the muscles around the joint for added support, regular physical activity, and taking over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medicines.

5. Diabetes

Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Normally, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, or when the body does not respond appropriately to insulin. As of yet, there is no cure. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy.[5]

To avoid getting diabetes, workout regularly, cut sugary foods and refined carbs from your diet quit smoking, and optimize vitamin d level.

6. Respiratory Diseases

Respiratory diseases are diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung. Some of the most common are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, occupational lung diseases, and pulmonary hypertension. In addition to tobacco smoke, other risk factors include air pollution, occupational chemicals and specks of dust, and frequent lower respiratory infections during childhood. Respiratory diseases are not curable. However, various forms of treatment that help dilate major air passages and improve shortness of breath can help control symptoms and increase the quality of life for people with the disease.[6]

7. Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions. At first, someone with Alzheimer’s disease may notice mild confusion and difficulty in remembering. Eventually, people with the disease may even forget important people in their lives and undergo dramatic personality changes.

In Alzheimer’s disease, the brain cells degenerate and die, causing a steady decline in memory and mental function. Currently, Alzheimer’s disease medications and management strategies may temporarily improve symptoms. This can sometimes help people with Alzheimer’s disease maximize function and maintain independence for a little while longer. But because there’s no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, it’s important to seek supportive services and tap into your support network as early as possible.[7]

8. Influenza and Pneumonia

Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system, your nose, throat, and lungs. Influenza, commonly called the flu, is not the same as stomach “flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting. For most people, influenza resolves on its own. But sometimes, influenza and its complications can be deadly.[8]

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type in adults. Pneumonia causes inflammation in the air sacs in your lungs, which are called alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe.[9]

9. Overweight and Obesity

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).[10]

By promoting healthy eating habits and doing exercise on a regular basis, cutting down the consumption of fatty and sugary foods, and increasing the intake of more fruit, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains can reduce the risk of Overweight and obesity.

10. Digestive, Urinary, and Sexual Problems

Constipation, problems of the prostate gland, elderly & sex, dyspepsia, and urinary incontinence are also included as a physical health issue. Nowadays, these are becoming common issues of physical health. To prevent these diseases and infections you should take essential nutrients and maintain good physical health. Learn more by reading Physical Health – What, Why & How?

Final Thoughts

It is required to know different types of physical health issues and how to prevent them from happening. We must not ignore any health issues if we find in our body because even our daily life can be difficult. A study of patients with chronic tension-induced headaches indicated that they experienced lower performance in their jobs and in social function and were three to fifteen times more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety or mood disorders.

Maintain social relationships. Establish and maintain quality relationships with friends and family. Maintain a daily routine of work, errands, housework, and hobbies whenever possible. Add physical activity to your lifestyle. You can know more from my next article Recommended Physical Health Activities for All Ages. This will give you a feeling of stability within the chaos and uncertainty of your illness. Eat Well, Keep Active and Stay Safe.


References

  1. https://www.nhs.uk/
  2. http://www.who.int/
  3. https://www.medicinenet.com/
  4. https://www.healthline.com/
  5. https://www.webmd.com/
  6. http://www.who.int/respiratory/en/
  7. https://www.mayoclinic.org/
  8. https://www.mayoclinic.org/
  9. https://www.healthline.com/
  10. http://www.who.int/


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